ICT in Telemedicine


The use of Information Communication Technology to examine and or provide healthcare to a patient who is far away from the hospital is called Telemedicine. This is made possible by remotely connecting the patient with hospital’s specialist unit or specialist doctors. Telemedicine has several advantages such as:

Example 1 - Emergency Telemedicine

Emergency telemedicine is the process of providing emergency care by a trained person in consultation with a specialist in a hospital via telecommunication network and treating him when a patient (who lives in a remote village or flying in a plane or cruising in a ship) can not reach a hospital
Example 2 - Home health medicine

Keeping the patient at home and monitoring his/her condition using networked home monitoring system. The home monitoring of the health condition helps to decide when to transfer the patient to hospital.

Example 3 - Telemedicine Consultation

Seeking medical consultation of a specialist at the Emergency Treatment Unit (ETU) when he/she is not physically available at site.

Example 4 - Telesurgery (Remote Surgery)

Remote surgery is the ability of a doctor to perform surgery on a patient in consultation with a specialist (who is not physically present at the same location but in a far away town or abroad) by the use of Telecommunication Technologies.

Example 5 - Medical Teletraining 

Specialists’ consultation and training can be used to obtain the services of a medical professional at a remote place by the use of telecommunication technologies.
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